Astrophysics of Galaxies

K.S. de Boer, M. Hilker, U. Mebold

Summersemester, 3SWS


I Introduction some history (Herschel, Kapteyn, Shapley, Baade)
observables stars (spec, phot, v_rad, p.m.)
gas (I, v_rad, excit, H II, H I)
stellar evolution (rehearsal SSE), LF, IMF
II Solar neigboorhood d, v_rad, p.m, Oort diff. rot.
Hyades, Goulds Belt, Local hot bubble
III Milky Way size, shape, dynamics
R_0, v_rot, rotation curve, z-distribution
IV Stellar dynamics Boltzmann, Jeans asymm.drift, Schwarzschild ellipsoid
scale length, scale height; density wave
V Galactic Centre radio, opt-NIR; the central BH
VI Overall model of MW mass distribution, age of populations, IR surface brightness,
DM, DM halo;
Evolution, ELS and other
VII Satellites of the MW LMC, SMC, dSph
VIII Spiral Galaxies, Elliptical galaxies M31, M81; M87
surface brightness profiles
globular cluster systems
IX Active Galactic Nuclei
X Galaxy clusters, general distance determination, galaxy statistics
galaxy LF, colour-magnitude relation
X-ray halos, Virial Theorem, DM
XI Specific galaxy clusters Local Group
M81 group
Virgo; Fornax
XII Mergers of galaxies observational evidence; the process, timescales
XIII Galaxy evolution colour evolution, chemical enrichment
galactic winds, infall hypothesis
dynamical evolution


Binney & Tremaine Galactic Dynamics
Gilmore, King, & van der Kruit The Milky Way as a Galaxy
Sparke & Gallagher Galaxies in the Universe
Freeman & Bland Hawthorne The new galaxy (ARAA 40)

Excercises for the ''Schein''