Theodorus J Azon Jacometti (*1789) and Anna A A Bron (*1803)

Theodorus was the son of a highly esteemed captain of the fleet of the trader Anthony van Hoboken in Rotterdam. His father had adopted "Azon Jacometti" as family name. Father died in 1806.

Theodorus trained to become seaman, as his father. With the end of the "franse tijd" (french occupation) and the establishement of the Kingdom of The Netherlands in 1813, trade became free again and van Hoboken expanded his fleet and needed able captains. Theodorus appears in the records as captain in 1816 (27 year old) on a ship of the trader van Hoboken. [Also the one year younger brother, Martinus Azon Jacometti, became, in 1816, aged 26, captain in the van Hoboken fleet.]

The two earliest records about Theodorus and sailing are from 1815/16. In 1816 he is captain on the Jonge Anthony, but already in 1815 is he registered for pension rights as traveller to the Dutch Indies. This registration must mean that he has sailed to Batavia already then, most likely as steersman on another van Hoboken ship.
Theodorus now embarks on a career as captain and his activities and travels can be followed using newspaper receords (such as Rotterdamsche Courant and Bataviasche Courant) and other information. Details can be found in the T. Azon Jacometti notes, 1815-1830 and in T. Azon Jacometti clips as of 1830.

Rotterdam

1816 14 July, Jonge Anthony (Netherlands, a van Hoboken ship), captain Jacometti: The galiot, with a cargo of salt, tea and cocoa, was driven ashore and wrecked near "The Lizard", Cornwall, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Lisbon, Portugal to Amsterdam, North Holland. All the crew managed to get ashore (see Shipwrecks 1816, Shipwrecks Cornwall). Van Hoboken soon had another ship with that name.

[ Brother Martinus 1817 Reported wrecked on a reef in Bonaire on the December 27th of 1817, the dutch merchantman "Ceres" sailing from Rotterdam to Curaçao. Jacometti, the captain, and the crew were safe but only a small part of the Ceres' cargo was salvaged. The wreck is at the SE point of Bonaire. (Information from "Shipwrecks in the Americas/Shipwrecks of the Western Hemisphere" 1482-1825; Robert F. Marx, 1971, and from the 14 January 1818 Curacao newspaper clip). ]


Batavia seen from the sea;
painting by John Wells, ~1800

1817   The new frigate Jonge Anthony (510 tonnes) sails under Captain Theod. Azon Jacometti many times to the east, to Batavia (HGR1952, p.136). These voyages take, one-way, 4-6 months. Such a ship goes, after repairs etc., to Batavia at most once every year.

1818 21 June, Jonge Anthony with Capt Jacometti arrives in Batavia from Rotterdam (LLoyd's List, Oct.27, 1818). She will leave for Rotterdam August 1818, but a "chirurgijn" (medic) is still needed, as the advertisement in Batav.Cour. issue 22 August 1818, shows.
1819 The "Maatschappij tot Nut der Zeevaart te Rotterdam" (Organisation for the benefit of seafaring at Rotterdam) is erected. Theodorus is member nr.28.
1819 In January, captain Azon Jacometti is back in Rotterdam from Batavia with the Jonge Anthony. It then is announced she will leave for Batavia in June, but she sails late, on 10 September.

Batavia

Anna was the daughter of a shopkeeper in Delft (some 10 km NW of Rotterdam). Her father (Pieter Brön) had come from Kopenhagen, Anna's mother was Swiss, from "Lusanne".

Marriage of Anna and Theodorus
Anna's parents moved to the Dutch Indies, sometime between 1815 and 1820 (see P&J to the Indies).
How did Theodorus and Anna get to get married February 1820 there? One can only speculate.
- Were Theodorus and Anna already engaged before they left Holland? If so, they must have left Holland before or in 1819, because they marry in Batavia February 1820. Then, likely, Anna's entire Brön/Bron family was on the ship and Theodorus may have been its captain.
- Alternatively, did Theodorus go to the Dutch Indies by himself? In this case Theodorus and Anna must have met in Batavia and then married.
Whichever was the case, Theodorus and Anna married in 1820. Theodorus was 30, Anna 17 years old.

A description of the scene of life in Indë can be found in Batavia in the 19th century.
Anna was accompanied by her mother, Jeanne de Luc (of swiss origin), and her sister Catharina.
Jeanne de Luc soon ran an "institute for young ladies", as can be seen from an advert announcing that this institute moved on the Koningsplein in Batavia (see newspaper clip Bataviasche Courant July 1820). The Koningsplein was the major open area in Weltevreden, south of the old town. The Governor General had his palace there since 1820.
Where did Jeanne and her daughter Catharina live? Did they have their own home?

1820 Theodorus sails mid June from Batavia to Rotterdam. He arrives there in November and plans to return with the Jonge Anthony to Batavia by the end of the year. However, January
1821, having sailed out to sea, he has to return to Hellevoetsluis (10 km west of Rotterdam). What has happened? On 19 January he is there at the notary public L. Plooster to make a declaration about the ship and the crew (no details known yet). Upon sailing out again, on the 24th of January, he hits the Northwall and gets stuck; two small vessels are sent out to lift the ship.
Having arrived with the Jonge Anthony in Batavia in July, captain T. Azon Jacometti announces (Batav.Cour. 7 July 1821) that a load of wine, jenever, cheese and more is for sale.
1822 The ship "Jonge Anthony" leaves Rotterdam (Capt. Theodorus Azon Jacometti) and carries for the Shögun a Bataviasche almanack, red velvet (see Nihon Kagakushi Gakkai, 1974. "Japanese studies in the history of science"; Issue 13-14, p.31.). On the importance of the import of (medical) books for the Shogun, see, e.g., the historical novel "The thousand autumns of Jacob de Zoet" by David Mitchell (2011; ISBN 978-0-8129-8233-6). 
May 1822 T. Azon Jacometti leaves with the Jonge Anthony for Japan (Batav.Courant 18220608), arriving there within 2 months. (The Japanese painting is available in large form in the notes.)
[ Then, in 1823, Philipp Franz von Siebold, a German medical doctor hired by the Dutch, leaves Batavia on board the Drie Gezusters under captain M. Azon Jacometti for Deshima, Japan, together with another ship (see departure July 1823). They are hit by a storm and save Japanese from drowning (see Siebold 1841, "Manners and customs of the Japanese in the nineteenth century", p.14). Siebold stays several years at Deshima. The Shögun received an almanack. An authority received Ypey's "Materies Medica". Then Captain Jacometti sails back to Batavia. ]
1822 That year it is decided that the entire family will return to Rotterdam. Mother Jeanne quits her job on 21 September (see clips Jeanne de Luc).
Why go they back to Holland? In July Jeanne already sold a slave-servant (advertisement in the Batav. Cour. 6 July 1822).
December 1822 Captain Th. Azon Jacometti announces to sail from Batavia to The Netherlands with the Jonge Anthony and calls (Batav.Cour. 28 Dece. 1822) for passengers. The ship arrives in Hellevoetsluis (near Rotterdam) on 7 July 1823. The entire family (Theodorus, Anna, baby Anna/Louise and Jeanne de Luc) must have been on this ship.

Rotterdam

Sailing to Batavia continues!
1824 In September it is announced that 3 van Hoboken ships will leave for Batavia. Theodorus first with the Jonge Anthony, then a colleague with Rotterdams Welvaren, and thereafter Martinus Azon Jacometti with de Drie Gezusters.
1825 On 24 July, Capt. Jacometti leaves Batavia on the Jonge Anthony. The postoffice in Batavia announces (Batav.Cour. 26 July 1825) that the box for letters to The Netherlands will soon be closed. On board are several passengers (note in Batav.Cour. 27 July 1825). The ship arrives 5 December in England at Downs (see "The Oriental Herald and Journal of General Literature", 1826, Vol.8. p.222), on the east coast of Kent.

From late 1817 to December 1825, Captain Theodorus made from Rotterdam 4 return voyages to Batavia, each time sailing from Batavia also to lesser ports on Java, and one time sailing from Batavia to Japan and back. (He must have sailed in a lower rank already in 1815 to Batavia.)

Antwerpen

After the "French time" (1795-1813), normalcy sets also in on the Schelde. The river and estuary are now open for all dutch ships because the soutern Netherlands form (since 1814) with the north the Kingdom of The Netherlands.
1826 Theodorus sets up business relations in Antwerpen (for clips see notes TAJ Antwerpen). He gets a new ship, the Elisa. The "sea-letter" has been requested August 1826 by K. Loyaerts, from Antwerpen.
The first voyages are to South America (Rio de Janeiro, Cartagena).
1828 January: Theodorus sails with the Elisa to Batavia. He is back November that year.
Ice-Islands Theodorus encounters on the route to Batavia in April five large ice-islands just south of the coast of South Africa. This gets reported to the officials in Holland (see the notes).
1828 December Theodorus and family announce to move to Antwerpen.
1830 May: Anna gives birth to Henricus in Antwerpen.

Between mid 1826 and late 1828, Theodorus sailed from Antwerpen 2 times to the Carribean and made one return voyage to Batavia.

Approximate roundtrips travelled by Theodorus as captain.
From Rotterdam he sailed the frigate "Jonge Anthony", from Antwerp it was the copper sheated "Elisa".
 
Before 1818 he probably sailed (more than once?) in a lower rank on a ship to Batavia.
In 1830/31 they moved to Batavia (so sailed one-way).

In August 1830, the people of the "Southern Netherlands" showed their extreme discontent with the government of King Willem I. That southern part had been under Spanish rule, then a century under Austrian, and had been incorporated into France by Napoleon. At the congress of Vienna, in 1815, it had been decided to add it to the northern Netherlands into a kingdom. But now, on 4 October 1830, the southern part declared itself independent with the name Belgium. Antwerpen would no longer be in The Netherlands. On 10 October, King Willem I of The Netherlands (northern part) revokes all "sea-letters". And the northerners close the Scheldt for ships headed for Antwerpen (as they had done during the earlier 250 odd years). An Antwerp harbour, February 1831, admiral van Speijk blows his amunition ship and himself to smithereens to avoid the ship being taken bij the Southerners and the supporting French army.
So the Azon Jacomettis (and Hoboken) have to look for new opportunities.

Batavia

In 1830/31 they set out (from Antwerpen; or from Holland?) to go permanently to Batavia. "They" are Theodorus and Anna with 4 children, and mother Jeanne de Luc with her daughter Catharina. Having set up again in Batavia, Jeanne and Anna get in March the licence to run a day and boarding school
in Batavia (see advertisement; from the Java Courant 18320322).
1831, brother and captain Martinus Jacometti dies while in Batavia. ]
In 1832, Theodorus starts in Juli as trading agent (Java Courant 18320702); there is a silent partner (a nephew of Hoboken). And in October (Java Courant 6 Oct.) it is made known he has a job as inspector of ships.
Theodorus is no longer at sea. Trade becomes his most important activity (see box below).
The newspaper clips for 1832 and later are assembled in TAJ and Anna - Batavia.

On 10-10-1834, there was a heavy earthquake on West Java. Part of the mansion of the Resident of the Indies in Buitenzorg collapsed. Did the Jacomettis suffer, too?

Anna bears 12 children. 1822, 23 April, in Batavia, Anna Louise Cornelia Maria Frederike.  In Holland three children were born in Rotterdam and Overschie: 1824, 22 February, Cornelia Theodora Josephina;  1825, 3 September, Theodorus Jan Abraham (+1832 Batavia);  1826, 7 September, Albert.  Then in Antwerpen 1830, 9 May, Henricus.  All further children were born in Batavia: 1833, 3 June, Theodoor Azon Louis  and Martinus Azon Cornelis;  1835, 6 June, Wilhelmina Louise Cornelia;  1837, 30 April, Eliza Anna Josephine (+1841 Batavia);  1840, 8 January, Josephine Margaretha Louise;  1843, 7 July, Willem (+1845 Batavia);  Eliza Emelia Cornelia (+1846 Batavia).
Of these 12, seven survived to become adult.

Some details about the lives of these children:
1822 Anna, better known as Louise; she married Jacob Willem Rudolph, died +1858 in the Cocos Islands.
1824 Cornelia; married 1852 in Batavia Willem J van Haren Noman, she died in 1882, Zaltbommel, aged 58.
1826 Albert, see below; he died in 1894, aged 68.
1830 Henricus; he married in 1867 in Braunschweig (D) Helene Friederike Johanne Zinkeisen, he died +1894 Hannover, D, aged 64. 
1833 June, Theodoor; marries Maria Dyonisa Neassens. Theodoor dies in 1906 in Batavia.
1833 June, Martinus; named after his uncle, captain Martinus. He marries in 10-06-1858 in Doesburg (NL) with Jacoba Johanna Maria Meulemans. The marriage record shows it is a formal marriage: "bij volmacht". His profession is mentioned as merchant. He died in 1873 in Batavia at the age of 40.
1835 Wilhelmina; married Cornelis Matthias Pompe, died 1920 Doorn NL, aged 85.
1840 Josephine; married Evert Andrau, died 1889 Utrecht, NL, aged 49.

There are two newspaper items in which the annual school inspection is described and in which honorary awards are made public. In 1838 one goes to Henricus, in 1843 one to Martinus and one to Theodoor. See the newspaper praise.

The website myheritage has a picture of Theodorus. It actually is a cut-out from an oval family portrait (see worldvitalrecords)
in which also Anna figures with identified children, from l to r: Anna, Henricus, Cornelia and Albert. The daughters have black hair after their father, Anna's is just as curly. Albert will also later be dark but without curls. At right is probably mother Jeanne de Luc.  The picture (pencil drawing?) must have been made around 1831.
[ The identification of the older woman at right given in worldvitalrecords cannot be right; they claim it is a sister of Theodorus, but why would she be in the family scene? Anna's mother Jeanne had already been living with Theodorus and Anna in Batavia so was an intimate part of that family...!]

Mother Jeanne de Luc died in 1845. All clippings on her activities have been collected in JSLdeLuc 1820-1845

According to the "Almanak van Nederlandsch-Indië voor het jaar 1850", Theodorus still had the job in the harbour department as "visiteur en meter van schepen" and he was "adjunct brandspuitmeester" with the "brandspuitwezen" (fire department).

The companies of the Jacometti family
Theodorus, Albert, and others, 1832-1864

Theodorus engaged himself in trade, as several europeans in Nederlands Indië did. He was succesful and appears to have established a company, first just by himself. He can aquire a warehouse in Batavia. And he finds himself a co-investor, Landberg.
After the death of Theodorus in 1856, the company is continued, because the sons Albert and Theodoor had become partner and also brother Henri (Henricus) had joined the company.
For details see the Jacometti companies.


The same almanak lists all the Europeans in the Dutch Indies. Among them are just two adults with the name of Jacometti (thus in 1849): Theodorus and son Albert, living in Batavia.
Theodorus was in 1856 officially relieved from his job by the Governor General (announcement in the Batavia Advertentie Blad of 12 Sept. 1856). He died soon thereafter, because in the "Oostpost" of 23 October the (female) executor of the will (is this Anna herself?) calls for creditors and debtors on his estate. Anna died in 1858, also in Batavia.

All newspaper clippings on Theodorus' activities have been collected in Theodorus 1832-1856 clips.

Back to the genealogy of TJAB.

HGR1952: from "Historisch Genootschap Roterodamum", Rotterdams jaarboekje, 1952.
The clippings from newspapers have been obtained through the database at http://kranten.kb.nl and http://www.delpher.nl
Disclaimer: If anybody other than the heirs of the persons mentioned on this page has the rights to the reproduced family news, civil announcements and advertisements, I call on those to contact me.

(2018.08.26)    Original 2014.07.15, extensively revised January 2016.   hn411m.html