Theodorus J Azon Jacometti (*1789) and Anna A A Bron (*1803)
Theodorus was the son of a highly esteemed captain of the fleet of the trader Anthony van Hoboken in Rotterdam. His father had adopted "Azon Jacometti" as family name. Father died in 1806.
Theodorus trained to become seaman, as his father. With the end of the "franse tijd" (french occupation) and the establishement of the Kingdom of The Netherlands in 1813, trade became free again and van Hoboken expanded his fleet and needed able captains. Theodorus appears in the records as captain in 1816 (27 year old) on a ship of the trader van Hoboken. [Also the one year younger brother, Martinus Azon Jacometti, became, in 1816, aged 26, captain in the van Hoboken fleet.]
The two earliest records about Theodorus and sailing are from 1815/16.
In 1816 he is captain on the Jonge Anthony, but
already in 1815 is he registered for pension rights
as traveller to the Dutch Indies.
This registration must mean that he has sailed to Batavia already then,
most likely as steersman on another van Hoboken ship.
1816 14 July, Jonge Anthony (Netherlands, a van Hoboken ship), captain Jacometti: The galiot, with a cargo of salt, tea and cocoa, was driven ashore and wrecked near "The Lizard", Cornwall, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Lisbon, Portugal to Amsterdam, North Holland. All the crew managed to get ashore (see Shipwrecks 1816, Shipwrecks Cornwall). Van Hoboken soon had another ship with that name.
[ Brother Martinus 1817 Reported wrecked on a reef in Bonaire on the December 27th of 1817, the dutch merchantman "Ceres" sailing from Rotterdam to Curaçao. Jacometti, the captain, and the crew were safe but only a small part of the Ceres' cargo was salvaged. The wreck is at the SE point of Bonaire. (Information from "Shipwrecks in the Americas/Shipwrecks of the Western Hemisphere" 1482-1825; Robert F. Marx, 1971, and from the 14 January 1818 Curacao newspaper clip). ]
1817 The new frigate Jonge Anthony (510 tonnes) sails under Captain Theod. Azon Jacometti many times to the east, to Batavia (HGR1952, p.136). These voyages take, one-way, 4-6 months. Such a ship goes, after repairs etc., to Batavia at most once every year.
1818 21 June, Jonge Anthony with Capt Jacometti arrives in Batavia from Rotterdam (LLoyd's List, Oct.27, 1818). She will leave for Rotterdam August 1818, but a "chirurgijn" (medic) is still needed, as the advertisement in Batav.Cour. issue 22 August 1818, shows.
1819 The "Maatschappij tot Nut der Zeevaart te Rotterdam" (Organisation for the benefit of seafaring at Rotterdam) is erected. Theodorus is member nr.28.
1819 In January, captain Azon Jacometti is back in Rotterdam from Batavia with the Jonge Anthony. It then is announced she will leave for Batavia in June, but she sails late, on 10 September.
Anna was the daughter of a shopkeeper in Delft (some 10 km NW of Rotterdam). Her father (Pieter Brön) had come from Kopenhagen, Anna's mother was Swiss, from "Lusanne".
A description of the scene of life in Indë can be found in
Batavia in the 19th century.
1820 Theodorus sails mid June from Batavia to Rotterdam.
He arrives there in November and plans to return with
the Jonge Anthony to Batavia by the end of the year.
[ Then, in 1823, Philipp Franz von Siebold, a German medical doctor hired by the Dutch, leaves Batavia on board the Drie Gezusters under captain M. Azon Jacometti for Deshima, Japan, together with another ship (see departure July 1823). They are hit by a storm and save Japanese from drowning (see Siebold 1841, "Manners and customs of the Japanese in the nineteenth century", p.14). Siebold stays several years at Deshima. The Shögun received an almanack. An authority received Ypey's "Materies Medica". Then Captain Jacometti sails back to Batavia. ]
1822 That year it is decided that the entire family will return to Rotterdam. Mother Jeanne quits her job on 21 September (see clips Jeanne de Luc).
December 1822 Captain Th. Azon Jacometti announces to sail from Batavia to The Netherlands with the Jonge Anthony and calls (Batav.Cour. 28 Dece. 1822) for passengers. The ship arrives in Hellevoetsluis (near Rotterdam) on 7 July 1823. The entire family (Theodorus, Anna, baby Anna/Louise and Jeanne de Luc) must have been on this ship.
Sailing to Batavia continues!
From late 1817 to December 1825, Captain Theodorus made from Rotterdam 4 return voyages to Batavia, each time sailing from Batavia also to lesser ports on Java, and one time sailing from Batavia to Japan and back. (He must have sailed in a lower rank already in 1815 to Batavia.)
After the "French time" (1795-1813),
normalcy sets also in on the Schelde.
The river and estuary are now open for all dutch ships because the
soutern Netherlands form (since 1814) with the north
the Kingdom of The Netherlands.
Between mid 1826 and late 1828, Theodorus sailed from Antwerpen 2 times to the Carribean and made one return voyage to Batavia.
In August 1830, the people of the "Southern Netherlands"
showed their extreme discontent with the government of King Willem I.
That southern part had been under Spanish rule,
then a century under Austrian,
and had been incorporated into France by Napoleon.
At the congress of Vienna, in 1815, it had been decided to add it to
the northern Netherlands into a kingdom.
But now, on 4 October 1830, the southern part
declared itself independent with the name Belgium.
Antwerpen would no longer be in The Netherlands.
On 10 October, King Willem I of The Netherlands (northern part)
revokes all "sea-letters".
And the northerners close the Scheldt for ships headed for Antwerpen
(as they had done during the earlier 250 odd years).
An Antwerp harbour, February 1831,
admiral van Speijk blows his amunition ship and himself
to smithereens to avoid the ship being taken bij the Southerners and
the supporting French army.
In 1830/31 they set out (from Antwerpen; or from Holland?) to go permanently to Batavia. "They" are Theodorus and Anna with 4 children, and mother Jeanne de Luc with her daughter Catharina. Having set up again in Batavia, Jeanne and Anna get in March the licence to run a day and boarding school
[ 1831, brother and captain Martinus Jacometti dies while in Batavia. ]
In 1832, Theodorus starts in Juli as trading agent (Java Courant 18320702); there is a silent partner (a nephew of Hoboken). And in October (Java Courant 6 Oct.) it is made known he has a job as inspector of ships.
Theodorus is no longer at sea. Trade becomes his most important activity (see box below).
The newspaper clips for 1832 and later are assembled in TAJ and Anna - Batavia.
On 10-10-1834, there was a heavy earthquake on West Java. Part of the mansion of the Resident of the Indies in Buitenzorg collapsed. Did the Jacomettis suffer, too?
Anna bears 12 children.
1822, 23 April, in Batavia, Anna Louise Cornelia Maria Frederike.
In Holland three children were born in Rotterdam and Overschie:
1824, 22 February, Cornelia Theodora Josephina;
1825, 3 September, Theodorus Jan Abraham (+1832 Batavia);
1826, 7 September, Albert.
Then in Antwerpen 1830, 9 May, Henricus.
All further children were born in Batavia:
1833, 3 June, Theodoor Azon Louis and Martinus Azon Cornelis;
1835, 6 June, Wilhelmina Louise Cornelia;
1837, 30 April, Eliza Anna Josephine (+1841 Batavia);
1840, 8 January, Josephine Margaretha Louise;
1843, 7 July, Willem (+1845 Batavia);
Eliza Emelia Cornelia (+1846 Batavia).
Some details about the lives of these children:
There are two newspaper items in which the annual school inspection is described and in which honorary awards are made public. In 1838 one goes to Henricus, in 1843 one to Martinus and one to Theodoor. See the newspaper praise.
According to the "Almanak van Nederlandsch-Indië voor het jaar 1850", Theodorus still had the job in the harbour department as "visiteur en meter van schepen" and he was "adjunct brandspuitmeester" with the "brandspuitwezen" (fire department).
The same almanak lists all the Europeans in the Dutch Indies. Among them are just two adults with the name of Jacometti (thus in 1849): Theodorus and son Albert, living in Batavia.
Theodorus was in 1856 officially relieved from his job by the Governor General (announcement in the Batavia Advertentie Blad of 12 Sept. 1856). He died soon thereafter, because in the "Oostpost" of 23 October the (female) executor of the will (is this Anna herself?) calls for creditors and debtors on his estate. Anna died in 1858, also in Batavia.
All newspaper clippings on Theodorus' activities have been collected in Theodorus 1832-1856 clips.
Back to the genealogy of TJAB.
from "Historisch Genootschap Roterodamum", Rotterdams jaarboekje, 1952.
(2018.08.26) Original 2014.07.15, extensively revised January 2016. hn411m.html